Tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy in France: The role of migrant status

Analyses show that tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy is higher among women born in France than among those born abroad (tobacco: 21.9 vs. 8.8%; alcohol: 40.4 vs. 22.9%).

However, women born abroad who live alone have a particularly high probability of alcohol use. Disadvantaged socioeconomic status is associated with a higher level of tobacco use among women born in France, whereas the opposite trend is observed among women born abroad.

Lastly, if the child’s father was born abroad, the mother will have low levels of tobacco and alcohol use regardless of whether she, too, was born abroad, suggesting that the features of the contact circle also play a role. 

More information

More information

Melchior M., Chollet A., Glangeaud-Freudenthal N., Saurel-Cubizolles M.-J., Dufourg M.-N., van der Waerden J., Sutter-Dallay A.-L., “Tobacco and alcohol use in pregnancy in France: The role of migrant status: The nationally representative Elfe study”, Addictive Behaviors, 51:65-71, July 2015. [Link]